Gender Perspectives on Socioeconomic Determinants of Ownership of Enterprise in Ghana

  • George Domfe Centre of Social Policy Studies (CSPS), University of Ghana
  • Charles Ackah Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research (ISSER), University of Ghana
  • R.L. Afutu-Kotey College of Education at the University of Ghana
  • Abena D. Oduro Centre of Social Policy Studies (CSPS), University of Ghana
Keywords: Gender, enterprise ownership, necessity, opportunity


Even though literature is replete with discussions on entrepreneurship, the focus had mostly been on the developed world. This study contributes to the discussions by examining gender perspective of enterprise ownership in the context of Ghana. It draws on both quantitative and qualitative secondary data sets to address the objective. The quantitative data were collected through a comprehensive field survey conducted by the Ghana Statistical Service in 2012/ 2013. The survey involved 16,000 households selected through multistage sampling across the ten regions of Ghana. On the other hand, the qualitative data were collected through 14 separate focus group discussions in 2015 in seven purposively selected regions of Ghana. Probit regression analysis was employed to identify the socioeconomic determinants of enterprise ownership. The results indicated gender differentials in the socioeconomic factors that influence men and women to own enterprises in Ghana. Suggestion was therefore made for the gender differentials to be incorporated in policy on entrepreneurial activities in Ghana.

Author Biographies

George Domfe, Centre of Social Policy Studies (CSPS), University of Ghana

Centre of Social Policy Studies (CSPS), University of Ghana

Charles Ackah, Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research (ISSER), University of Ghana

Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research (ISSER), University of Ghana

R.L. Afutu-Kotey, College of Education at the University of Ghana

College of Education at the University of Ghana

Abena D. Oduro, Centre of Social Policy Studies (CSPS), University of Ghana

Centre of Social Policy Studies (CSPS), University of Ghana


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