HIV/AIDS in Lagos State: An Assessment of its Catastrophic Health Expenditure effect on Household in Lagos State, Nigeria

  • Anthony O. Osobase Department of Economics, Anchor University, Ayobo, Lagos State, Nigeria
  • Risikat Oladoyin Sunmola Dauda Department of Economics, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
  • Ngozi M. Nwakeze Department of Economics, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Catastrophic Health Expenditure, Household Income, Logistic Regression


The debates on the impact of HIV/AIDS and its concomitant health care spending on households’ welfare has been ongoing for decades. Households are feeling the adverse effect of the burden of AIDS with respect to loss of their productive members, increased out-of-pocket expenditure and temporary or permanent loss of earnings. Consequent upon these, this study investigates the impact of HIV/AIDS and its associate catastrophic health expenditure on households’ income in Lagos State, Nigeria. The dataset was drawn from 780 people living with HIV/AIDS in eight medical centre’s. The information is analyzed using descriptive statistics and logistic regression technique. The finding indicates that HIV/AIDS affected households experience catastrophic health care spending. Though, more predominant among households with female headship. Furthermore, the logistic regression results reveal that, household income is negatively and significantly impacted by asset sale, productive members infection, unemployment, man-hour loss, caregiver activities, underage labour and death of victim. Based on the outcomes, the study suggests that government as a matter of concern should put in place, policies that would protect household against financial shock cause by chronic illnesses.


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