Determinants of Household Cooking Energy Choice in Oyo State, Nigeria

Keywords: Multinomial logit model, Household energy choice, Oyo State


This study examined the economic and social determining factors of household cooking energy choice in urban and rural local governments in Oyo State, Nigeria. Primary data via questionnaire and personal interview was collected from 180 randomly selected respondents in Oyo state. Descriptive statistics and the multinomial logit model were used for data analysis. In rural areas, the significant social determinants of household cooking energy are meals per day, education, household size, occupation and cooking facility, while the significant economic determinant of household cooking energy is appliance price. In urban areas, the significant social determinants of household cooking energy are household size and cooking facility while the significant economic determinants of household cooking energy are income, appliance price and expenditure on energy. It was discovered that in rural areas household cooking energy is determined more by social factors than economic factors, while the reverse is the case for urban areas. Thus, it is recommended that government should ensure that price of appliance prices is reduced and the need to improve the social conditions especially of households living in rural areas.


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